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Ex Lege Protected Areas
Protected sites and monuments of country-wide importance
According the the law about nature conservation there are two basic types of protected sites of country-wide importance. National parks, landscape protection areas and nature reserves are announced via a separate law. The so-called „ex lege” protected areas, are protected due to one single law. If the area matches the criteria set by the law, it stands under protection.
Protected areas announced by single laws
On the direction’s area of operation one national park, three landscape protection areas and six nature reserves have been given country-wide protection through single laws on an area of 46683,2 Hectares.
|Name||Register number||Complete area|
|Strictly protected area (ha)|
|Fertő-Hanság National Park||238/NP/91||23730,9034||7659,4587|
|Pannonhalma Landscape Protection Area||253/TK/92||8271,5081||63,8697|
|Sopron Landscape Protection Area||40/TK/77||4890,9984||734,2594|
|Szigetköz Landscape Protection Area|
|Sopron Botanical Garden Nature Reserve|
|Liget Stream Nature Reserve|
|Ikva Stream Nature Reserve||304/TT/06||18,0385||0|
|Bécsi Hill Nature Reserve||303/TT/06||7,8512||0|
|Pannonhalma Arboretum Nature Reserve|
|Nagycenk Linden Alley Nature Reserve|
Definition: a marsh is an area which is temporarily or continually under the influence of water or the soil of which is temporarily saturated with water. Upon a significant part of it there can be found marshland biomes or organisms, or its soil contains peat or is going to contain it (as stands in the Law of Nature Conservation).
A list of the ex lege protected marshes can be found in a ministerial prospect of the year 2001. (8005/2001. (MK 156.)). Of the marshes that were found since then single decrees were issued. The control and review of ex lege marshes is done continuously.
Definition: a saline lake is a natural or near natural wetland, the bed of which is covered permanently or temporarily by surface water of at least 600 mg/Litre mineral content dominated by sodium ions. Upon is there can be found biomes characteristic for saline habitats (as stands in the Law of Nature Conservation).
The saline lakes found upon the direction’s area of operation are all situated on protected sites, so there is no ex lege protected saline lake on the area.
Definition: a cave is a natural cavity in the rock making up the earth crust with a longitudinal axis over 2 meters, and the size of which makes it possible for a person to intrude. (as stands in the Law of Nature Conservation).
On the operational area of the direction very few, only 16 caves can be found. The survey and documentation of the caves was done by the speleological and geological section of the Ministry of Environment and Water.
Definition: a spring is the natural emergence of subsurface water, if the runoff permanently exceeds 5 Litres/minute even if temporarily running dry (as stands in the Law of Nature Conservation).
The survey and refinement of ex lege springs is currently under process. On the basis of preliminary data on the area of the direction there are 27 ex lege protected springs of which 16 are located on protected sites (Sopron Landscape Protection Area and Fertő -Hanság National Park).
Definition: a Kun-hill is an earthwork of cultural, historical and conservation importance which can be a characteristic part of the landscape due to its elevation. (as stands in the Law of Nature Conservation).
The Fertő-Hanság National Park Direction and the Office of Cultural Heritage prepared in cooperation the list of Kun-hills found on the area of operation, the ministerial list announcing the has not yet been issued. The survey of the Kun-hills is done continuously.
Definition: an earth castle is a linear or circular shaped earthwork constructed for protection and representing historical, cultural values (as stands in the Law of Nature Conservation).
The list of earth castles was prepared in cooperation of the Fertő-Hanság National Park Direction and the Office of Cultural Heritage the ministerial list announcing the has not yet been issued. The survey of earth castles is done continuously.