Bécsi Hill NR
Register number: 303/TT/06
Beginning of protection:
Védetté nyilvánító jogszabály (ok): 14/2006.(III.21.) KvVM rendelet
Area: 7,8512 ha
of which strictly protected: 0 ha
Settelements included: Sopron
Conservation authority of the first instance: Észak-dunántúli Környezetvédelmi, Természetvédelmi és Vízügyi Felügyelőség
The natural values of the Bécsi Hill were recognised already very early. The protection of the Matted Globularia, living only on this spot in Hungary was suggested already in 1934 by Miksa Földváry in his study about conserving some natural values of Northern Transdanubia.

Part of the Bécsi Hill, partly overlapping with the 1942 announcement as a protected site was strengthened in its conservation status by the city of Sopron in the year 1999, declaring it to a nature reserve of local interest. In the year 2006 the reserve gained national importance, the Bécsi Hill Nature Reserve formed, on an area of 7,8 ha.
Greatest part of the Bécsi Hill is covered with steppe meadows (Cleistogeno - Festucetum rupicolae), to a smaller extent with rock grass (Medicagini - Festucetum valesiaceae). Remnants of the past forest pasture are the huge downy oaks (Quercus pubescens) and sessile oaks (Quercus petraea). Common protected species growing on the meadows and on the border of the scrubs are the Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla grandis), the Slim-leaved Flax (Linum tenuifolium), the Chive (Allium sphaerocephalon) and the Feather Grass (Stipa pennata). [tavaszi hérics (Adonis vernalis)]
The Snowdrop Windflower (Anemone sylvestris), the Small Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla pratensis ssp. nigricans), the Pheasant’s Eye (Adonis vernalis), the Burning Bush (Dictamnus albus), the Fragrant Scabious (Scabiosa canescens), the Fringed Gentian (Gentianopsis ciliata), the Cut-leaf Self-heal (Prunella grandiflora), the Stemless Carline Thistle (Carlina acaulis), the Keeled Garlic (Allium carinatum) and the Hungarian Iris (Iris variegata) occur here as well.
Among the invertebrates of the area the EU-wide endangered Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus) inhabiting old oaks and the Great Capricorn Beetle (Cerambyx cerdo) can be picked out. A rare, endangered reptile of the area is the Smooth Snake (Coronella austriaca), the Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis) and the European Green Lizard (Lacerta viridis) are rather common. The scrubs interrupted by lonely, old trees provide a valuable habitat for birds like the Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria), the Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos), the Corn Bunting (Emberiza calandra) or the Wryneck (Jynx torquilla).
Conservation of the natural heritage of the Bécsi Hill and providing its survival on the long term is our common task.

Literature regarding the area (in Hungarian)

CSAPODY, I. (1956): A soproni természetvédelem múltja, jelene és feladatai. Soproni Szemle 10.: 230-255.

CSAPODY I. (1993): Florisztikai adatok Sopron környékéről. - Soproni Szemle 47: 318-322.

FÖLDVÁRY, M. (1935): Felsődunántúli természeti emlékek. Stádium. Budapest: 113p

GOMBOCZ E. (1906): Sopron vármegye növényföldrajza és flórája. - Mathematikai és Természettudományi Közlemények 28: 401-577.

IVÁNCSICS, A. (1995): A soproni Bécsi-domb, mint a Lajtai flórajárás jellegzetes ha-zai képviselője. – Szakdolgozat.